Équipe de Recherche en Physique de l'Information Quantique


Abstract = {Operator quantum error correction is a recently developed theory that provides a generalized framework for active error correction and passive error avoiding schemes. In this paper, we describe these codes in the stabilizer formalism of standard quantum error correction theory. This is achieved by adding a "gauge" group to the standard stabilizer definition of a code that defines an equivalence class between encoded states. Gauge transformations leave the encoded information unchanged; their effect is absorbed by virtual gauge qubits that do not carry useful information. We illustrate the construction by identifying a gauge symmetry in Shor's 9-qubit code that allows us to remove 4 of its 8 stabilizer generators, leading to a simpler decoding procedure and a wider class of logical operations without affecting its essential properties. This opens the path to possible improvements of the error threshold of fault-tolerant quantum computing. },
Author = {Poulin, D.},
Date-Added = {2005-10-11 08:24:34 +1000},
Date-Modified = {2010-05-06 13:51:53 -0400},
Eprint = {quant-ph/0508131},
Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
Keywords = {Error correction; OQEC},
Local-Url = {Pou05b.pdf},
Pages = {230504},
Title = {Stabilizer formalism for operator quantum error correction},
Volume = {95},
Year = {2005}}